Reading :: The Power of Intuition

Posted by: on Jan 10, 2018 | No Comments

The Power of Intuition: How to Use Your Gut Feelings to Make Better Decisions at Work
By Gary Klein

Over ten years ago, I reviewed Klein’s Sources of Power, in which he discusses decision-making in high-pressure situations (by firefighters, soldiers, neonatal nurses, etc.). Klein had expected that under pressure, decision-makers would identify two potential courses of action, compare them, then select one. Instead, he discovered that they typically only thought about one course of action, quickly modified it by modeling it mentally based on their previous experiences, then took it. He began discussing this process under the heading of intuition, which he defines as “the way we translate our experience into action” (p.xiv, his emphasis)

This book builds on that notion of insight—and uses many of the same studies for grounding. Here, Klein is addressing professionals (and especially managers) who want to build intuition at work. How is it built? How can you apply it? How do you safeguard it so that your team can act on it? Drawing on his experience in teaching intuition, Klein identifies principles for developing intuition and using it to lead effectively. He does this with plentiful examples from research and consulting, but he also offers several decision-making exercises (DMX) and discusses how to build your own DMXes to help prepare your own teams.

If you’re interested in improving your decision-making skills in specific activities—or those of your team—take a look.

Reading :: The Entrepreneurial State

Posted by: on Jan 10, 2018 | No Comments

The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths
By Mariana Mazzucado

A colleague recommended that I pick up this book, which was declared a Financial Times best book of the year. The book argues that, despite “the pervasive myth that the state is a laggard, bureaucratic apparatus at odds with a dynamic private sector,” in reality “the state is, and has been, our boldest and most valuable innovator” (back cover). But because of this myth, the US government in particular has been disinvesting from innovation, with potentially negative consequences.

The book is closely argued and I’m sure it’s very convincing. Yet I have very few notes in it, primarily because the thesis does not seem that radical or interesting to me. Yes, the State funds a lot of different innovation projects—including basic research in universities, innovation networks, and entrepreneurship training—and in doing so, takes many risks that would not otherwise be taken on by the private sector. I’ve seen plenty of examples, especially in my ongoing work with IC2.

If you do find that thesis to be radical or interesting, however, do take a look at the book. Mazzucato does a nice job of laying out specific claims and substantiating them with both hard numbers and specific case studies.

Reading :: Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Language Disorders

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Aphasia and Related Neurogenic Language Disorders (Third Edition)Edited by Leonard L. LaPointeThis collection overviews different kinds of aphasia (e.g., Broca’s, Wernicke’s) and related disorders (dementia, traumatic brain injury) as well as related i…

Reading :: Manual of Aphasia Therapy

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Manual of Aphasia TherapyBy Nancy Helm-Estabrooks and Martin L. AlbertHere’s another (old-ish) book on aphasia therapy. This book is now in its third edition, but I’m reviewing the first edition (1991), which is what UT had in its library.This book is …

Reading :: Language Intervention Strategies in Adult Aphasia, 2ed

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Language Intervention Strategies in Adult Aphasia
Edited by Roberta Chapey

I read the second edition of this collection (the link goes to the third edition). This thick book, from 1986, covers several parts: basic and professional considerations; stimulation approaches to therapy; other approaches to therapy; remediation of specific impairments; and remediation of “kindred” or related disorders.

To be honest, I skimmed most of the book. The most interesting chapter for me, and the one I’ll examine in this review, is Mark Ylvisaker and Shirley F. Szerkeres’ “Management of the Patient with Closed Head Injury” (pp.474-490). I’ve run into Ylvisaker’s work in other places, including a couple of articles and a chapter elsewhere. His approach is Vygotskian, and his focus is on the social environment in which patients recover from injuries. Here, these injuries are characterized as Closed Head Injury (CHI), “in which the primary mechanism of injury is a blunt blow to the head, associated with acceleration/deceleration forces… distinguished from penetrating missile injuries, where the primary damage is focal” (p.474). Elsewhere, Ylvisaker discusses traumatic brain injury (TBI). In both cases, the patients tend to be young men (ex: in motorcycle accidents).

Of interest to me is the focus on compensatory strategies, “simply procedures—sometimes unconventional—that an individual deliberately applies to accomplish a goal” (p.483). These procedures are eventually habituated. They can involve external aids such as logs, alarms, and printed reminders, but they can also involve internal procedures such as mnemonics and structured thinking procedures. Ideal candidates, obviously, “have the metacognitive maturity to think about thinking and other cognitive issues” as well as “adequate attentional resources and … well-defined neuropsychological strengths on which to base compensatory procedures” (p.483). That is, Ylvisaker and Szerkeres are describing both physical and psychological tools that patients can use to recover functioning—a Vygostkian approach, one that is arguably in a different category from Luria’s. They also helpfully include an appendix listing “compensatory strategies for patients with cognitive impairments” (pp.488-490).